Harike Bird Sanctuary


The wetlands, also called ‘Hari-ke-Pattan’ is the largest wetland in northern India, with the Harike Lake situated in its deeper part and is located in the Tarn Sahib District in Punjab. The wetland was formed in 1953 by constructing head works across the Sutlej River. The wetlands are a cross between a river and a lake thus making it a unique location and ecological niche which spreads into three districts namely, Amritsar, Ferozepur and Kapurthala in Punjab and covers an area of 10131.32 acres.

The wetlands are a bio diverse area which houses many species of turtles, snakes, amphibians, fishes and invertebrates. The rich concentration of migratory avifauna which includes a vast number of globally threatened species has given the wetlands the recognition of a Bird sanctuary which was renamed in 1982 as ‘the Harike Pattan bird sanctuary’ with an extended area of 21251.06 acres. Even the Indira Gandhi canal in Rajasthan is fed from this source and is reportedly rich in ground water resource.

The sanctuary attracts large number of migratory birds during the winter months. Important species of birds like Large Cormorant, Darter, Purple Moorhen, Bar-headed Goose, Pintail, Common Teal, Pigeon, Shoveller, Common Pochard, Red Crested Pochard, White eyed Pochard are found in this Sanctuary. Harike Sanctuary is a Ramsar site of International importance declared on 23/03/1990.

In and Around

Harike Lake and Harike Bird Sanctuary at the Wetland are worth a visit for adventure seekers, nature lovers and bird lovers.

The city of Amritsar is only an hour’s drive from Harike Wetland. A number of tourist attractions speaking volumes about India’s struggle for independence are present throughout the city.

If time permits, do not forget to include other popular tourist destinations near the wildlife sanctuary like Wagah Border, Golden Temple, Jalianwala Bagh and Bharatpur.

Best Time

The ideal time for visit is during November-March.

How to Reach

By Air
Harike Pattan Bird sanctuary is nearest to the Amritsar airport (60kms).

By Rail
The nearest Railway head from Harike Pattan Bird Sanctuary is Amritsar (60kms).

By Road
The distance of Harike Lake from Ludhiana and Amritsar are 105kms and 60kms respectively. If one wishes to come to Harike Lake via Ludhiana then first come to Moga from Ludhiana. Rail, Road and Air connections are very well defined for Holy city Amritsar.

Stay / Eat

Where to Stay
Holiday Inn
District Shopping Complex,
Ranjit Avenue , Punjab India

Radisson Blu
Airport Road, Amritsar
Punjab India

Adj. Alpha One City Centre,
MBM Farms, Main G T Road , Punjab India

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