Spread over 240 sq km in the Western Ghats, Mollem National Park is located in Sanguem taluk in Goa close to the border with Karnataka. The reserve also has several temples dating back to the Kadamba Dynasty.
The national park is located near the town of Mollem, 60 km south east from Panaji, the capital city of Goa. The Mormugao–Londa railway line also passes amidst thick jungles of the national park.
The park was earlier known as Mollem game sanctuary. It was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1969 and renamed Bhagwan Mahaveer Sanctuary. The core area of the sanctuary spread over 107 sq km was named Mollem National Park in 1978. Since then the national park is called Bhagwan Mahaveer Sanctuary and Mollem National Park.
Several species of snakes including the King Cobra, Hump-nosed pit viper, Indian rock python and Malabar pit viper are found in the park.
The national park showcases a wide variety of birds like fairy bluebird, wagtails, three-toed kingfisher, drongo, golden oriole, great Indian hornbill. Some of the birds found here are native to the region.
Butterflies of many species like Blue Mormon, Crimson Rose, Tailed Jay, Malabar Tree Nymph, Tamil Yoeman, Plain Tiger and Lime Butterfly are found in the region.
Jungle safaris are a major attraction of the park. Unlike other parks, vehicles are allowed inside the reserve and it adds to the experience of watching the wildlife. The park is also known for its trekking trails.
The 12th century Tambdi Surla temple, Devil’s Canyon, Sunset Point and Tambdi Water Falls are some of the other attractions of the park.
In and Around
Hidden away in an evergreen valley in the Westerm Ghats the highest and largest waterfalls of Goa, cascades down 306 mts in two segments, 12 km from Collem is a good oppurtunity for trekking enthusiasts.
A formation of rock broken into criss-cross sections and under water passages through which Dudshsagar river flows with great turbulence.
Lord Mahadev’s Temple (Tambdi Surla Temple)
This 13th Century A.D. temples is the only one constructed from black basalt in Goa. It is 13 km from Mollem, situated at Tambdi Surla.
The sanctury nestled in western mountain ranges is an ideal spot for bird watching enthusiasts. Horn bills are frequently sighted indicating the ecological balance of the sanctuary.
Best time to visit this place is from October to March.
How to Reach
Nearest airport at Dabolim is 80 km away from Mollem National Park.
Colem railway station is the nearest railhead, placed 6 km from Mollem National Park.
Buses or hire taxis are available at regular intervals from Panaji and Margao.
Stay / Eat
Where to Stay
Visitors can stay at Dudhsagar Resort at Mollem which is just a few hundred metres away from this national park. Rooms, rest houses and dormitories maintained by state government can also be preferred. Permission can be taken from the Range Forest Officer if you want to pitch your own tents in a campsite. Two other private resorts are very close to Tambdi Surla Temple. These are Shanti Nature Resort and Backwoods.