Khangchendzonga National Park, situated in North Sikkim bordering Nepal, covers an area of 850 sq. km. and was set up on August 26, 1977. The area of the park, named as a Biosphere reserve with an elevation ranging from 1830m to over 8550m, is enclosed by some impressive mountain peaks and glaciers on all but its eastern side. On the western border, lies the Khanchenjunga, one of the highest mountain peaks towering above virtually undisturbed fine forest cover. The peaks and glaciers on the northern side include the Nepal, Talung, Tent peaks and the Zemo (longest) and Simyo glaciers and other peaks like Pandim, Narshing, Siniolchu etc in other directions.
The park with its continuous tract of mountains, green forests, flowering meadows and streams in its primitive wilderness attract many nature and adventure lovers.
The lush vegetation include Temperate broad leaved forests dominated by oaks, mixed Coniferous forests with fir, birch, maple, willow etc and alpine grasses and shrubs at higher altitudes along with many medicinal plants and herbs.
The fauna of the park are clouded leopard, snow leopard, wild dog, thar, sloth bear, civet, Himalayan black bear, red panda, Tibetan wild ass, blue sheep, serow, goral, takin, musk deer and reptiles like rat snake and Russels viper etc. Among the avifauna of the state which consist of almost 550 species of birds many are to be found in abundance in the park like Blood Pheasants, Satyr Tragopan, Osprey, Himalayn griffon, Lammergeier, tragopan pheasant, green pigeon, Tibetan snow cock, Snow pigeon, Impeyan phesants, Asian emerald cookoo, Sunbirds & eagles. There are a few Lepcha tribal settlements inside the park.
In and Around
Trekking in Khangchendzonga National Park
The Khangchendzonga National Park has been in the prime Trekking Maps in the entire world for its magnificent landscape. The park offers some of the adventures trek routes in Sikkim. The most famous trek route starts from Yuksam and leads to the serene landscape towards- Bakhim, Dzongri, Tsokha, Thansing, Khangchendzonga Base Camp and Goecha la.
More adventurous trek starts from Lachen to the famous Green Lake via Lucanes, Jakchen, Yabuk and Rest Camp.
The most treacherous trek in the Park perhaps
Lachen (9000ft) – Thangu (13,695ft) Muguthang (16,000ft) – Thay La (17,000ft) – Khyoksa La (18,000ft) Rest Camp – Green Lake. Green lake is fast developing into a take off point for mountaineering expeditions to the surrounding peaks.
All these trek routes allow the trekkers to have an unbelievable experience to the largest continuous tract of mountainous land with valleys of lush green forests, alpine meadows, a luxuriant flora and fauna of rare varieties in the primitive wilderness, natural glacial lakes, rivers and streams, vast flowering fields, imposing canyon and snow clad peaks and mountains.
The best season to visit the Kanchenjunga national park is between April to May.
How to Reach
Nearest airport is Bagdogra Airport, Darjeeling dist, West Bengal. It is at a distance of 222 km from the National Park. Also, there is a daily helicopter service operated by Sikkim Tourist Cooperation from Bagdogra and Gangtok.
New Jalapiguri Railway station is at a distance of 221 km from the Park.
There are regular bus services between Gangtok and Bagdogra, Kalimpong, Darjeeling, Kolkata and Guwahati.
Stay / Eat
Where to Stay
There are about four Forest rest houses at the Range office which provide comfortable accommodation facilities to its visitors.